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Borough: Enfield
St Andrew's Churchyard
All Saints' Churchyard 16k
St Andrews Churchyard  
St Andrew's is the parish church of Enfield, one of the largest medieval parishes in Middlesex. Enfield remained a village outside London until the arrival of the railways in the mid 19th century. In 1304 Enfield had been granted licence for a weekly market by Edward I. The present market place next to St Andrew's Church dates from 1532. Enfield's old market cross can still be seen, re-erected in Myddelton House Gardens

St Andrew's was the only church in the parish until 1831.There are records of a church on this site from the 4th century. In 1136 the living was given by Geoffrey de Mandeville, Lord of the Manor, to his new monastery at Saffron Walden. At the Dissolution of the Monasteries it passed to Trinity College Cambridge.

The present church building dates largely from the 14th and 15th century However, extensive alterations have been carried out over the years, particularly in the 19th century. The church houses some interesting monuments, including the Tiptoft memorial to Jacosa, wife of Sir John Tiptoft who was Lord of the Manor and held offices of state under Henry IV; and the monument to Sir Nicholas Rainton (d.1646) who built Forty Hall.

The church is surrounded by its large churchyard which comprises a number of different, mostly railed-off areas, and a complex of paved walks running between the church, the walled garden of the vicarage and the ancient Grammar School. Founded in 1548, the Grammar School was at one time run by Dr Robert Uvedale (d.1722), a celebrated naturalist who developed the modern sweet pea and grew a Cedar of Lebanon in the grounds of the nearby Manor House, Enfield Palace, which he also opened as a private boarding school in the late 1660s. The Manor House used to stand on the south side of the market place but was demolished in 1927. The churchyard has some good monuments from the C18th, including one to John White, Surveyor to the New River Company.

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